There are a lot of penalties in hockey, although you will usually see the same ones called over and over (tripping, interference, hooking, etc. We will do more stories on what each of these penalties mean, but for now here is our complete list of ice hockey penalties*.

*Please note: these penalties are related specifically to adult hockey leagues utilizing the 2021-2025 USA Hockey rulebook. To learn more about any of these penalties, click the link and search for the specific penalty you are looking for.

Minor Penalties

Personal Fouls

  • 601(a) Unsportsmanlike Conduct
  • 601(a.4) Shooting puck after whistle
  • 613(e) Face-off interference
  • 615(a) Instigator of fighting
  • 615(e) Players not going to bench after warning during altercation
  • 622(a) Holding
  • 625(a) Interference
  • 625(a.8) Interfering with goalkeeper in crease
  • 625(a.9) Interference by player on bench
  • 629(b) Leaving penalty bench prematurely
  • 634(d) Stick contact with goalkeeper

Delay of Game, Player or Goalkeeper

  • 304(e) Deliberately removing helmet/facemask
  • 309(a,c) Adjusting clothing/equipment
  • 610(a) Freezing puck along boards or net
  • 610(b) Goalkeeper intentionally stops play
  • 610(c,d) Batting/shooting puck out of rink
  • 610(e) Deliberate goal displacement
  • 610(h) Continued improper line change during stoppages
  • 613(d) Second face-off violation, same team
  • 614(a,c) Falling on puck
  • 618(a) Picking up puck from ice
  • 632(b) Freezing puck along boards

Goalkeeper Infractions

  • 303(g) Wearing illegal equipment
  • 406(c) Thrown stick during penalty shot
  • 407(c) Participating in play across center line
  • 605(c) Going to bench for stick at stoppage
  • 610(g) Piling up obstacles in front of goal
  • 610(g) Dropping puck onto goal netting
  • 615(e) Leaving crease area during altercation
  • 618(c) Holding puck more than three seconds

Stick and Equipment Violations

  • 301(c) Playing with an illegal stick
  • 301(c) Player playing with goalkeeper stick
  • 301(e) Playing with more than one stick
  • 304(a) Playing without helmet/facemask
  • 304(b) Equipment not worn under uniform
  • 605(a) Playing with a broken stick
  • 605(b) Receiving an illegal stick
  • 615(a) Dropping glove(s)/stick in altercation
  • 637(a) Throwing a stick (non-Penalty Shot)

Bench Minor Penalty

  • 203(a) Roster addition during game
  • 204(b) Too many players on the ice
  • 204(b) Illegal entry from penalty bench
  • 205(b) Improper goalkeeper substitution
  • 205(c) Goalkeeper to bench at stoppage
  • 206(d) Injured/penalized player returns prematurely
  • 301(c) Stick measurement legal
  • 307(c) Equipment measurement (legal)
  • 308(c) Use of electronic devices
  • 601(b) Abuse of officials and other misconduct
  • 610(h) Continued incorrect players on ice
  • 633(a) Refusing to start play
  • 633(b) Refusing to go on ice

Minor or Double Minor Penalty

  • 640(a) Unnecessary roughness

Minor or Major (plus Game Misconduct Penalty)

  • 604(c, d) Body-checking in Competitive Contact category
  • 609(a, b) Cross-checking
  • 611(a, b) Elbowing
  • 621(a, b) High-sticking
  • 623(a, b) Hooking
  • 628(a, b) Kneeing
  • 634(a, b) Slashing
  • 639(a, b) Tripping/Clipping/Leg Checking
  • 640(b, g) Avoidable check (Late Hit)
  • 640(c, g) Avoidable contact after whistle
  • 640(d, g) Body check with no effort to gain possession of puck
  • 640(e, g) Body check delivered to opponent who is physically engaged
  • 640(f, g) Goalkeeper delivering body check

Minor plus Misconduct or Major plus Game Misconduct

  • 603(a, b) Boarding
  • 607(a, b, c) Charging
  • 608(a, b) Checking from behind
  • 620(a, b) Head Contact

Major plus Game Misconduct

  • 606(a) Butt-ending
  • 608(b) Checking From Behind (head first)
  • 615(a, b) Fighting
  • 619(a) Head-butting
  • 622(b) Holding/grabbing facemask
  • 627(a) Push off opponent with skate
  • 629(a) Leaving Bench in Altercation
  • 635(a) Spearing
  • 639(b) Slew Footing

Minor, Double Minor or Major plus Game Misconduct

  • 615(a) Fighting (retaliation)

Minor plus Misconduct Penalty

  • 301(d) Not surrendering stick for measurement

Minor plus Game Misconduct Penalty

  • 615(a) Drop glove(s)/stick, instigate altercation

Bench Minor or Game Misconduct or both

  • 629(d) Team Official on ice without permission

Match Penalty Option

  • 603(c) Boarding
  • 604(e) Body checking in Competitive Contact category
  • 606(b) Butt-ending
  • 607(e) Charging
  • 608(c) Checking from behind
  • 609(c) Cross-checking
  • 611(c) Elbowing
  • 615(c) Deliberately removing helmet during altercation
  • 619(b) Head-butting
  • 620(c) Head Contact
  • 621(c) High-sticking
  • 622(c) Holding/grabbing facemask
  • 623(c) Hooking
  • 628(c) Kneeing
  • 634(c) Slashing
  • 635(b) Spearing
  • 639(c) Tripping/Clipping/Leg Checking/Slew Footing
  • 640(h) Avoidable check (Late Hit)
  • 640(h) Avoidable contact after whistle
  • 640(h) Body check with no effort to gain possession of puck
  • 640(h) Body check delivered to opponent who is physically engaged
  • 640(h) Goalkeeper delivering body check

Match Penalty (only)

  • 305(b) Taped hand, cutting opponent
  • 601(e.1) Applies physical force or attempts to inflict physical harm to a game official
  • 601(e.2) Conduct critically detrimental to the game
  • 601(e.3) Hateful/Discriminatory Language
  • 602(a) Attempt to injure or recklessly endanger an opponent or team official
  • 615(c) Removing helmet prior to or during an altercation
  • 627(b) Kicking opponent
  • 633(a, b) Suspended game—refusal to start play

Misconduct Penalty

  • 304(c) Failure to wear helmet facemask in bench area
  • 304(f) Mouthguard violation
  • 304(g) Equipment violation (after warning)
  • 305(b) Playing with cut palm on glove
  • 406(d) Distraction during penalty shot
  • 601(a) Persisting in unsportsmanlike conduct
  • 601(c) Abuse of officials and other misconduct

Game Misconduct Penalty

  • 401(b) Four penalties to same player in game
  • 403(b) Second major penalty in same game
  • 404(a) Second misconduct penalty during same game
  • 601(a) Persisting in unsportsmanlike conduct
  • 601(d) Abuse of officials and other misconduct
  • 601(f) Alcohol, tobacco, smoking, vaping on bench
  • 615(c) Improperly worn helmet removed during altercation
  • 615(d) First to intervene in altercation
  • 626(c) Player interference with spectator

Misconduct or Game Misconduct Penalty

  • 637(c) Stick thrown out of playing area

Game Misconduct or Match Penalty

  • 634(d) Swinging stick at opponent in altercation

Penalty Shot (only)

  • 205(g) Deliberate illegal substitution
  • 610(e) Goalkeeper deliberately displaces goal, no breakaway
  • 610(f) Deliberate removal of helmet/facemask, breakaway
  • 629(c) Illegal entry, breakaway
  • 637(b) Thrown stick, breakaway

Penalty Shot or Awarded Goal

  • 610(e) Deliberate goal displacement in scoring opportunity
  • 614(b) Player falling on puck in crease
  • 616(a, b) Fouled from behind on breakaway
  • 618(a) Player picking up puck from crease
  • 637(a, b) Stick thrown at puck in Defending Zone

Awarded Goal (only)

  • 610(e) Deliberate goal displacement preventing a goal
  • 625(c) Goalkeeper stick left in front of goal, preventing a goal